Chinese wushu martial arts manifest in two forms. One, routine, and the other, wrestling, resistance or sparring. As one of the two forms, Sanda is a central part of Chinese Wushu.
Sanda, 'chinese kickboxing' is also called Sanshou and had names such as Xiangbo, Shoubo and Jiji in ancient times. As an essential part of Chinese Wushu, Sanda is favored by its many supportersand through the years has spread and evolved into a chinese national sport of unique character. Sanda developed and grew through a long period of Chinese history. It began with the productive labor of labor and their struggles for survival to become transformed into a gem of cultural heritage. People of primitive society learned through hunting how to defend themselves and hunt for animals. They developed simple skills of boxing, kicking, holding and throwing through observing the abilities of animals to hunt for food like catching cats, avoiding dogs, leaping tigers, and looping eagles etc.
Sanda, in simple words, is face-to-face fighting with bare hands between two people, consisting of offensive and defensive effect and requires kicking at distance, pouching at stride distance and take-down throws when close.
The movements of Sanshou remarkably reflect its specific inbeing- that of a fighting art, however it is distinct from fighting martial arts that cause injury and disabilities. Sanshou has strict rules to ensure the safety of the two fighters. Rules state that attacking the hindbrain, neck and crotch of the opponent is prohibited. In Sanshou, it is also allowed to exercise the skills of different Wushu schools. The internal features of Sanshou determine that it is presented as a conflict - the essential form of Sanshou. After much training and having mastered the basic actions and skills and under the provision of the rules, both sides fight freely on the deciding factors of wisdom, bravery and skill.
After long-term training, having mastered Sanda skills an Sanda practitioner will be unhurried and do corresponding defensive and offensive actions at a very fast pace when attacked suddenly by the opponent. It is also much easier for him to hit someone who hasn?ft received the training. In comparison to an ordinary person, a Sanda athlete has a much higher resisting ability. Sanda not only improves physical qualities such as strength, endurance, flexibility, and sensitivity but also develops people?fs health both physically and mentally. Sticking to the training makes the body strong and strengthens bones and muscles.